Juvenile Arthritis Symptoms

Juvenile arthritis, also known as juvenile rheumatoid arthritis or juvenile idiopathic arthritis, most commonly occurs in children, below the age of 16. The exact motive behind this disorder is still unidentified; however, the American College of Rheumatology states that it could be associated with an autoimmune problem. Certain types of arthritis, or specific symptoms and complications, may be more prevalent in some children, due to their genes. Although, certain gene mutations make a child more susceptible to the disease, there are just a few rare cases where juvenile arthritis has affected more than one member of the family.

Juvenile Arthritis Symptoms

If you are worried about your child’s health, you must first be well aware of juvenile arthritis symptoms There are three main forms, classified on how they initiate; if fewer than four joints are affected in the first six months, it is oligoarthritis; if more than four are affected during the first six months, it is polyarthritis; and if the joints are inflamed followed by a rash and fever, it is systemic. While some children may experience juvenile arthritis symptoms for just a short period of time, like a few months, some may suffer from life-long symptoms.

Juvenile arthritis symptoms and signs The most common of these include:

  • Pain: Even if, the child does not particularly complain about his or her joints, you may notice a limp in his walk, especially after a nap or in the mornings.
  • Swelling: This is more common in the knee area, although other joints of both the hands and feet may also get affected.
  • Stiffness: The child may appear to become extra clumsy, far more than the ordinary, due the stiffness of joints.
  • Eye inflammation: While, this symptom does not appear instantly, it is a common complication amongst children, suffering from oligoarthritis juvenile arthritis.

Rheumatoid Arthritis in Children

If your child starts to complain about joint pains, swelling or stiffness, provided it has been prevalent since more than a week, consider taking your child to the doctor, especially if he or she has also been suffering from a fever.

Juvenile Arthritis Symptoms Treatment

Once your child has been diagnosed with juvenile arthritis, it is now time for you to start considering juvenile arthritis symptoms treatment, in order to ease your child’s suffering. Through treatment, your child will be able to maintain a normal social life. Doctors administer various treatment methods to reduce the swelling and pain; and thus, avoid complications. Typical medications include:

  • Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs)
  • Disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (DMARDs)
  • Tumor necrosis factor (TNF) blockers
  • Corticosteroids
  • Therapy
  • Surgery

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