3 Most common types of Arthritis

Arthritis is the pain inflammation and reddening of the joints with reduced range of motion. According to the Centre for Disease , there are four most common types of arthritis. They are rheumatoid arthritis, osteoarthritis, gout and fibromyalgia.Rheumatoid arthritis is caused due to inflammation of the lining of the joint. The exact cause of rheumatoid arthritis is not known but it is considered to have auto immune origin. The disease may be genetically related or may be due to some infection. The disease can affect the smaller joints but generally seen in smaller joints like finger joints or wrist.

What is the difference between arthritis and rheumatoid arthritis

The symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis are flu like symptoms, weakness, muscle pain and fatigue. For the treatment of the disease anti-inflammatory drugs may be given. In severe cases the diseases lining is removed by surgery. Osteoarthritis is the oldest form of arthritis and is very common. The exact cause for osteoarthritis is not known but it may be due to old age, weight and family history of the disease. The cartilage between the bones wears away and the bones get rub on each other.

Bleeding disorders resulting in bleeding in the joint (hemophilia), disorders that cause blockage of blood supply near joint (avascular necrosis) and having other types of arthritis like gout, pseudogout and rheumatoid arthritis can cause osteoarthritis. The symptoms are morning stiffness, limping, inflammation and pain in the finger joints, decreased range of motion and joint soreness. The osteoarthritis of the spinal column can cause pressure in the spine, lower back pain and neck stiffness.

If the condition is diagnosed in early stage then it can be treated effectively. The medications given are mainly for pain relief. Lifestyle changes, physical therapy, braces and surgery are the other treatment options. Joint reconstruction is done during surgical treatment for osteoarthritis and is called as joint replacement surgery.

In gout the inflammation and pain in the joints is due to collection of needle shaped crystals in the tissues and joints. Gout may be caused due to certain medications like diuretics, recent injury to joint or joint surgery and lead. Basically it is because of higher amount of uric acid in the body. The uric acid builds up around the joints and formation of uric acid crystals takes place.

Due to these crystals there is inflammation and pain in the joints. Patients having diabetes, leukemia, sickle cell anemia, obesity and kidney disease can develop gout. Medications are generally to relieve pain and inflammation. Diet and life style changes can prevent further attacks of gout

More Articles on What is Arthritis

3 Most common types of Arthritis
Arthritis is the pain, inflammation and reddening of the joints with reduced range of motion.

Natural Treatment for Arthritis pain relief
There are several treatments available for the treatment of arthritis.

Rheumatoid Arthritis-Causes and Symptoms
Rheumatoid arthritis is a type of arthritis and considered to be having auto immune origin.